Mandatory Organic Waste Reduction - SB 1383

In September 2016, Governor Edmund Brown Jr. set methane emissions reduction targets for California (SB 1383 Lara, Chapter 395, Statutes of 2016) in a statewide effort to reduce emissions of short-lived climate pollutants (SLCP). The targets must:

  • Reduce organic waste disposal 50% by 2020 and 75% by 2025.
  • Rescue for people to eat at least 20% of currently disposed surplus food by 2025.

Methane emissions resulting from the decomposition of organic waste in landfills are a significant source of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions contributing to global climate change. Organic materials--including waste that can be readily prevented, recycled, or composted--account for a significant portion of California's overall waste stream. Food waste alone accounts for approximately 17-18 percent of total landfill disposal. Increasing food waste prevention, encouraging edible food rescue, and expanding the composting and in-vessel digestion of organic waste throughout the state will help reduce methane emissions from organic waste disposed of in California's landfills.

This law expands upon the goals of AB 341: Mandatory Commercial Recycling and AB 1826: Mandatory Organics Recycling. However, SB 1383 is unique in that it impacts residents in addition to businesses, and it requires some businesses to donate excess edible food to feed people in addition to composting organic materials. Unlike previous laws, there are significant penalties for non-compliance.

SB 1383 Timeline

1383_Timeline

What can you do to meet SB 1383 mandatory requirements?

You can put both food scraps and yard trimmings in your GREEN organics cart. If it was once alive, it can go in the cart. That includes food-soiled paper (paper was once a tree, and the food will contaminate paper recycling if you put it in the blue cart). If you choose to use a bag, it must be compostable, not plastic or biodegradable (look for “compostable: BPI meets ASTM 6400 Standard” on the packaging). Contact the City of La Palma's Recycle Coordinator at (714) 690-3310 to discuss organics collection at your business.

GreenBinYESPut in Your Green Cart

  • Yard Trimmings (Yard Trimmings, Brush, Flower cuttings, Flowers Garden trimmings, Hay, House plants, Lawn clippings, Leaves Prunings, Shrubbery, Straw, Tree twigs (4 feet or less in length and 6 inches in diameter), Weeds, Wood chips.)
  • Food Scraps (Compostable plastic bags only; Raw or cooked food scraps; Veggies; Meats; Seafood; Dairy products; Breads, Grains, Pastas; Fruits; Bones, Shells.)
  • Food-Soiled Paper (Pizza boxes, Paper cups, Paper plates, Napkins, Paper towels.)

GreenBinNODo NOT Put in Green Cart

  • Ashes    
  • Large tree trunks and stumps    
  • Pet waste or manure    
  • Plastic bags, regular or biodegradable    
  • Plastic, glass or metal
  • Poison oak, poison ivy
  • Rocks, concrete, sod or dirt
  • Treated or painted wood

Home Composting

compost-binHome composting is an effective and efficient way to dramatically reduce your wastestream at home, while doing your part to reduce your carbon footprint. Organic material sent to landfill creates methane, a powerful greenhouse gas that contributes to the negative impacts of our changing climate. By making compost, you are creating a valuable soil amendment that you can use to benefit your landscape, boost plant growth and sequester carbon.

Many types of food waste and yard waste can be composted at home, including grass clippings, tree and shrub trimmings, vegetable garden and fruit tree waste, lawn clippings, autumn leaves, coffee grounds, and fruit and vegetable scraps from the kitchen. Home composters should not attempt to compost meat, dairy or large amounts of baked goods.

For more information on how to start / build your own compost visit www.calrecycle.ca.gov/organics/homecompost.